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Risk Factors

  • All mothers can experience PMD, but there are factors which may put a mother at increased risk of developing PMD:
  • Personal or family history of mental illness
  • Stressful recent life events such as job loss, unplanned pregnancy, moving, loss of loved one
  • Lack of social supports that come from being a new immigrant or a teen mother
  • Personality (e.g. may be a worrier or get anxious easily)
  • Relationship difficulties (e.g. family violence, couple discord)
  • Low self-esteem
  • Low socio-economic status or financial stress
  • Complications during pregnancy or delivery: premature delivery, multiple births, birth trauma

Many of the risk factors for fathers are similar to mothers, and may also include:

  • Partner experiencing postnatal depression
  • Previous history of depression
  • Marital problems
  • Low self-esteem
  • Feelings of incompetence in parenting role

Dads whose partners have PMD are also at higher risk of developing Postpartum Depression..